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兰精CEO 人造纤维可在市场上分一杯羹

来源:icis.com | 作者:本网报道 | 时间:2011-10-08 15:57:40 | 订阅《东方纺织》周刊
InterviewMan-made fibres can gain market share – Lenzing CEO
LONDON (ICIS)--High cotton prices, as well as a greater emphasis on sustainability, offer numerous opportunities for man-made fibre producers in the years ahead, Austria-headquartered viscose fibre producer Lenzing said on Friday.

Population growth and increased incomes, particularly in emerging economies such as China and India, are exacerbating the so-called “cellulose gap” – where demand for fibres is far exceeding supply. The cotton market is coming under greater pressure, and prices have rocketed because of a weak harvest and increased competition for land. Cellulosic fibres may therefore stand to benefit in the future, Lenzing CEO Peter Untersperger said.

Man-made cellulose fibres like viscose compete in some high-end uses with cotton. Standard viscose – and its speciality fibres Modal and Tencel – represent about 90% of Lenzing’s business.

Viscose has some technical advantages over cotton, such as a uniform fibre length, and boasts different properties. Viscose, Modal and Tencel have various applications in clothing, furnishings and the automotive and medical sectors.

Cotton is a large-volume fibre and almost six times the size of the viscose market, amounting to a third of the overall fibres supply – some 25m tonnes/year. Viscose currently represents just 4m tonnes/year, Untersperger said.

Viscose fibres have traditionally held a 15–20% price premium over cotton. However, Untersperger said Lenzing was not anticipating cotton prices to return to low levels, largely because of land scarcity. He suggested cotton prices would be around 125 cents/lb ($2,750/tonne, €2,040/tonne) over the next decade, making the viscose range of 120–130 cents/lb even more viable.

“Cotton is a good fibre, but it’s an environmental disaster. It uses 20–25 times more water than viscose fibres and needs four times the high-grade arable land, so we expect that there will be a big fight between cotton and the agro-products like wheat, corn and maize,” added Untersperger.

“At the end of the day we don’t expect cotton to keep pace with demand, and whatever is missing from the supply side, it’s up to man-made cellulose fibres to take it on,” he said. “We have programs where we carve out small market shares. If we just carve out 2% of the cotton market, that means 500,000 tonnes/year, which is huge.”

Strong sales saw Lenzing’s net income for the second quarter of 2011 climb by 16%, to €78m ($105m) compared with the first quarter.
译文如下:
 
    伦敦(ICIS)—— 总部位于奥地利,粘胶纤维制造商兰精公司周五称:高棉价,以及市场对于可持续性的重视,给人造纤维的制造商在未来几年提供了大量机会。
    人口增长、收入增加,特别是诸如中国、印度等国的经济快速增长,加重了所谓的“纤维素差距”——也就是说对于纤维的需求增长远高于供应量。棉花市场在未来压力更大,而由于收成减少以及种植面积竞争激烈,棉花价格上涨迅猛。兰精公司CEO, Peter Untersperger说:“纤维素纤维在未来可能从中受益。”
    人造纤维素纤维,比如粘胶成品在一些高端用品中与棉花竞争激烈。兰精公司90%的业务在于标准粘胶,以及特殊粘胶纤维例如莫代尔和天丝。
    粘胶纤维比起棉花来说,技术更为先进。比如它拥有全部相同的纤维长度以及截然不同的属性。粘胶、莫代尔以及天丝在服装、家居、汽车用品以及医疗部门运用广泛。
    Untersperger先生说棉花是一个大批量生产的纤维,大概是粘胶纤维市场的6倍,供应量达整个纤维市场的三分之一,大概在2500万吨/年。当前粘胶纤维仅有400万吨/年。
    传统意义上说,15-20%的棉花溢价是由粘胶造成的。然而,Untersperger先生说兰精公司不打算干预棉价,使其回到较低水平,大部分原因是土地资源缺乏。他建议棉价在未来10年内应该保持在1250美分/磅(2,750美元/吨,2,040欧元/吨)的水平,以便使粘胶价格区间在120-130美分/磅甚至更高。
    “棉花是一种很好的纤维,但是对于环境来说是灾难。它比粘胶纤维多用20-25倍水,并且需要4倍的高级别耕作用地;因此我们希望在棉花以及小麦、谷物和玉米这些农作物之间能有一场大战。”Untersperger先生还说,“最后,我们不希望棉花能够跟上需求的步伐。无论供应面缺失多少,都该由人造纤维素纤维补上。我们有计划要开发出一小部分的市场份额。假如我们把2%的棉花市场开发出来,就意味着每年有500,000吨的供应量。这对粘胶来说,已经是很多了。”

    兰精公司销售强劲,2011年二季度净收入上涨16%,比一季度高出780万欧元(1050万美元)。


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